Classification and casting of aluminum rods
According to the different metal elements contained in aluminum rods, aluminum rods can be roughly divided into 8 major categories, namely, they can be divided into 9 series:
1, 1000 series aluminum rod represents 1050, 1060, 1100 series.In all series 1000 series belong to contain the most aluminum of a series. Purity can reach more than 99.00%. Because it does not contain other technical elements, the production process is relatively simple and the price is relatively cheap. It is the most commonly used series in conventional industry at present.Most of the 1050 and 1060 series in circulation on the market.1000 series of aluminum rod according to the last two Arabic numbers to determine the minimum aluminum content of this series, such as 1050 series of the last two Arabic number is 50, according to the international brand naming principle, aluminum content must reach more than 99.5% for qualified products.China's aluminum alloy technical standard (GB /T3880-2006) also clearly stipulates that 1050 aluminum content reaches 99.5%.The same reason 1060 series of aluminum bar aluminum content must reach more than 99.6%.
2, 2000 series of aluminum rods represent 2A16 (LY16), 2A02 (LY6).2000 series aluminum rod is characterized by high hardness, in which the copper element content is the highest, about 3-5%.2000 series aluminum rod belongs to aviation aluminum, which is not often used in conventional industry.
2024 is a typical aluminium-copper-magnesium alloy, a heat-treatable alloy, high strength, easy machining, easy turning, corrosion resistance.
2024 aluminum rod after heat treatment (T3, T4, T351), the mechanical properties are significantly improved, the T3 state parameters are as follows: tensile strength 470MPa, 0.2% yield strength 325MPa, elongation: 10%, fatigue strength 105MPa, hardness 120HB.
Main applications: aircraft structures, rivets, truck wheels, propeller components and other structural parts
3, 3000 series aluminum rod mainly represents 3003 and 3A21.Our country 3000 series aluminum rod production technology is more excellent.3000 series aluminum rod is mainly composed of manganese element.The content is between 1.0-1.5, which is a series with better antirust function.
4, 4000 series aluminum rod represents 4A01 4000 series aluminum rod belongs to the series with high silicon content.The silicon content is usually between 4.5-6.0%.It belongs to building materials, machinery parts, forging materials, welding materials;Low melting point, good corrosion resistance, heat resistance and wear resistance
5, 5000 series aluminum rod represents 5052, 5005, 5083, 5A05 series.5000 series aluminum rod belongs to the more commonly used alloy aluminum rod series, the main element is magnesium, the content of magnesium between 3-5%.Also known as aluminum magnesium alloy.Its main characteristics are low density, high tensile strength and high elongation.Under the same area, the weight of Al-Mg alloy is lower than that of other series, and it is widely used in conventional industry.5000 series aluminum rod is one of the more mature aluminum rod series in China.
6, 6000 series aluminum bar represents 6061, 6063 mainly contain magnesium and silicon two elements, so it concentrated the advantages of 4000 series and 5000 series 6061 is a cold processing aluminum forging product, suitable for corrosion resistance, oxidation requirements of high applications.Good usability, easy coating, good workability.
7, 7000 series aluminum rod represents 7075 mainly contains zinc element.Also belongs to aviation series, is aluminum magnesium zinc-copper alloy, is heat treatable alloy, belongs to super hard aluminum alloy, has good wear resistance.Basic rely on imports, China's production technology is to be improved.
8, 8000 series of aluminum rod is more commonly used for 8011 belongs to other series, most of the application for aluminum foil, the production of aluminum rod is not commonly used.
Melting and casting include melting, purification, impurity removal, gas removal, slag removal and casting process.The main process is as follows:
(1) Ingredients: according to the specific alloy grades that need to be produced, calculate the addition amount of various alloy components, and reasonably match various raw materials.
(2) Melting: add the raw materials to the melting furnace to melt according to the process requirements, and effectively remove the miscellaneous slag and gas in the melt by means of degassing and slag removal refining.
(3) casting: molten aluminum in a certain casting process conditions, through the deep well casting system, cooling casting into various specifications of the round casting rod.